Jordan 🇯🇴 | Petra | The Lost City of Stone | The New 7 Wonders of the World

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Jordan 🇯🇴 | Petra | The Lost City of Stone | The New 7 Wonders of the World

so we had a restful night here at sultanacam this is around six o’clock in the morning the pool is under construction [Laughter] foreign hello good morning are you this is the day that we are going to visit petra this is our second day as you can see the view around sultana camp is fantastic it is also perfectly safe oh so we are now in petra on your right is the museum for those planning to visit petra you will see that it involves a lot of walking so proper footwear is essential as soon as you get in the front entrance there’s a toilet on your right oh again there are lots of shops before you actually reach the start of the long walk to the gorge for those who do not wish to walk you have the option to pay for a horse drone carriage

okay we were part of a group tour organized by tourist israel we are now under the care of tourist jordan so along the way you can see a lot of structures and tombs we are now at the entrance of the gorge this is the month of october and the weather is fantastic however expect that it’s busy again there is a lot of walking involved yes um oh you know very close to the end of the coach and getting really excited and can see uh part of the treasury which is a very popular you always see this in pictures so we took photos with the treasury as the background and we thought that’s it we’ve seen the place we are ready to go back we didn’t realize there’s more to petra and this really amazed us petra is located about 150 miles south of both jerusalem and the capital of jordan amman it is halfway between damascus and the red sea petra has also been referred to as the rose city because of the color of the stones used in its buildings it was named a unesco world heritage site in 1985 the city of petra was established as a trading post by an arab video and tribe indigenous to the region called the battalions then the battalions leaving and trading

in petra soon accumulated a significant amount of wealth and because of this the greek empire attacked the city in 312 bc the nebratan successfully put back greeks by taking advantage of the mountainous terrain surrounding the city the mountains effectively serve as barriers protecting petra then the romans invaded petra in 106 a.d and defeated thee the battalions the roman empire annexed the newly gained territory and changed its name to arabia petraeus the romans ruled over the city for more than 250 years until the middle of the 4th century a.d when an earthquake destroyed many of its buildings the byzantines eventually took control of the region and governed petra for at least 300 years [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] okay

by the start of the 8th century a.d petra was largely abandoned and no longer a significant location as a commercial hub the rugged mountainous terrain that surrounds petra allow the nabataeans to build its key structures using an early form the technique known as rock cut architecture and the battalions literally carved several of the city’s buildings out of the surrounding stone surfaces you can also see a mixture of influences from the romans and byzantines me when the nabataeans built petra they developed a unique system of conduits dams and cisterns to harvest store and distribute rainwater for year-round use during the rainy season the area around the city was prone to flooding however then the battalions were able to effectively control these floods using dams this meant that they could live in the city even during piers of drought it also helped the crops of nubatian farmers after the 8th century when petra was largely abandoned as a trading center its stone structures were used for shelter by nomadic shepherds for several centuries then in 1812 the unique ruins of petra were discovered by swiss explorer johann ludwig barkhard with the western world aware of their existence they soon attracted the interests of architects and scholars among others starting in 1929 british archaeologist agnes conway and george horsfield scholars stealthy canaan and didley nielsen launched a formal project to excavate and survey petra when petra was named a unesco world heritage site in 1985 petra between tribes people who had made homes for themselves within the city’s remaining ruins were forcibly relocated by the jordanian government and in the early 2000s the site was named one of the seven new wonders of the world so um oh my god just enjoy the view one of the must-see places in petra is

the monastery it is a bigger and better version of the treasury however you need to be prepared to walk for two and a half hours normal pace without any detours and climb 800 plus steps to reach it this wall sign posted and you don’t necessarily need a guide and when the steps get too much there are plenty of places to stop and rest the monastery is petra’s largest temple and has a similar design to the treasury but on a bigger scale it is over 500 meters high and 45 meters wide is not quite as ornate as the treasury but its size makes it an impressive feat of engineering unlike the treasury you can actually go inside the monastery through the huge doorway that several stories high out the front there is a large flat area with a conveniently positioned cafe where you can enjoy the view and your achievement of reaching the monastery [Applause] good job [Applause] so you