Research: a short guide

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Research: a short guide

okay my name is Brent Andrew and one of the reference librarians here welcome to the workshop the workshop today is basically a tour of research from beginning to figure out your topic through some basic valuation information to talking about different resources both book and article resources and I’m going to walk you through all of that plus some things that you can find on the Santa Monica College Library website to help you along the way so let me go ahead and share my screen with you and start with that I am teaching this on my own so I’m asking that everyone have their microphone muted because I have the attention span of a squirrel and I will get easily distracted if I’m answering questions or hearing noises so what I would like you to do is use the chat to ask questions and I will monitor chat as we go so if you have questions I can take a look at it and answer those questions as we go okay now before we begin the research process there are some resources on the SMC library website that can help you I’m going to start with that if at any time during your research you feel like you’re getting stuck and you need to get unstuck we have 24/7 reference chat this chat is manned by Santa Monica College librarian at any time that the library would otherwise have been open were we not close to the pandemic and during times that we would otherwise be closed it is manned by librarians from other colleges and universities so at any time when you go to SMC library homepage and you request chats which on the library homepage is accessed via this button right here you’re talking to a college or university librarian who could help you get unstuck another helpful resource on the library homepage is library guides or live guides those cover a variety of different topics including specific disciplines current events and a frequently questions so say for example you need to find out information about coronavirus you can go to our live guide uncon a virus and it will show you help that you can use outside of SMC for your research to complement your research that you do on our library website you’ll also find links at Santa Monica College to help you some legitimate sources for statistics on the pandemic and resources individually as a student that you might find useful or helpful finally we have a variety of workshop videos and other videos like tours that have been put on a YouTube channel I mean you can google SMC not SMC santa monica college library on the video search for youtube and come up with these and as you notice we have a home page tour which goes more into depth of what you’ll find at the home page workshops like one on fake news and how to use the Modern Language Association citation style and even short videos like how to use Microsoft Word to make a hanging indent and when you make your work cited so there’s a variety of different resources on YouTube on our channel that you can use as well so heading forward if I were students and I were coming in and say I’m an English one and I have to do a research essay on some social issue and my teacher and an attempt to be helpful as said pick something that really speaks to you that you’re very interested in and my brain explodes because I’m interested in so many different things where do I start well a lot of students have this problem so where we recommend starting if you don’t really have any idea and you just want to get started on this and put some order to your thoughts is to use the opposing viewpoints database on the Santa Monica College Library homepage as a research topic finder and these are the steps to do that you literally just and I’ll show you this as well mouse-over student services and click on the library to get to our homepage click on research topics on the left hand side open up the database pick a topic start reading about it with an overview that I’ll show you and explore the various resources that are in opposing viewpoints to get you started keeping in mind my instructor would not want me to use only one database only one resource no matter how good and broad and wide-ranging it is so this would be my beginning points and here I want to add a couple of basic research

tips as well one is when you do research search terms are incredibly important but they’re not always easy to find so when you first start your research think broadly and then narrow it down as you get closer and closer and closer to what you actually want to write about another thing is when you’re researching your brain thinks differently when it’s searching then it does when it’s assimilating information and coming to conclusions and writing so you want to get a lot of varied research before you take a break and start looking at it and writing so look at how many your instructor requires as your minimum number of articles and if they say you have to have five articles find 10 then after you find those 10 take a break and let your brain relax for a moment or two then start looking at the articles and trying to figure out are there threads that go through them are there themes that come up is there something here that really catches my interest that I want to really pursue because research if you do it right takes you places you don’t expect and that’s sort of the joy of doing research it can also be a frustration but I prefer to think of it as a joy and the final research tip at this point is don’t read everything as you come to it because if you do your brain will get tired especially if you’re reading scholarly journal articles instead take a look at it read the abstract and I’ll talk more about this when we get to periodicals and if it looks good email it to yourself and then just keep searching okay so be sort of task focused when you do this um and when you’re doing searching we think about the searching part of it so what does it look like when you go looking to find a topic when you head into the library homepage the way to get to the library itself is to mouse over student services and click on library between Health and the police the other way is to actually click on student services and we’re in the middle of the page listed alphabetically between inch or internships and the Ombudsperson so when you click on the library there’s a lot of information available to you start left to right over here on the left hand side under doing research there’s a link for research topics so if you head into that the server will eventually catch up and it gives you a list of all sorts of research topics down posing viewpoints is actually a database based on books but what these books are are pro con essays so they’re arguments for and against things and then when it was put into the database they expanded that and added even more to it so if I scroll down here anything that has been recently updated will show me that and as you see there are a lot of various topics that I could pick again could be a little overwhelming but if I find something that looks interesting say for example civil rights I click on that and it opens up first an overview of the topic that gives you a little bit of background then below that it links you to specific pro/con as essays they think are really important viewpoints which are all of those pro/con essays and notice there’s about you know 500 on them some academic journal articles biographies of people that are important to it some podcasts some websites that you can click out to and infographics news articles primary sources often very important particularly if you’re in history class some images some magazines reference our books some videos some statistics and topics that are related to this one so if you find as you’re looking through this that this is close to what you want but not exactly what you want you could click on related topics and explore other things until you find one that looks interesting this background and this information many students think oh that’s my whole paper please be wary of getting all of your information from one source regardless of what that source is different information sources have different perspectives different slants different information I always recommend that you try at least three databases and I’m going to show you for today in fact so if I have a topic in mind and my topic here is civil rights then I can go in and I can go back to my research

process with my broad topic that I’m eventually going to narrow down where do I actually find more information to fill that out to get the information I need to make some conclusions and to write about it we always recommend starting broadly and getting more and more and more narrow start in the catalog to get books because books are kind of unique as an academic tool they assume you don’t know anything about your topic so if you do know stuff about your topic but you have holes in your information and you don’t know what you don’t know you can skim through these books fill those holes and sort of solidify the foundation underneath you so then you can continue on with a solid understanding because you’re not doing research to write a paper I know that sounds weird but you’re actually doing research to understand a topic and once you understand that topic then you can write about it intelligently right books also give you terms they give you search words they tell you how people in the discipline talk about that topic what is being talked about what isn’t being talked about so you can write down some of those terms and then use those in the databases to find articles that are specific and there are some differences between books and databases articles then I’ll talk about a little bit more later finally you’ll head to the web to get those pieces of information that are not yet in books or have not made articles or have not necessarily made the news fast breaking news scholarly information that’s in the process of being created nonprofit or not-for-profit information governmental information them one major thing that you need to do on the web is evaluate where your information comes from to the best of your ability and you’re looking for Authority Authority means whoever is talking about that is actually an expert in that okay and that is the difference between research and anecdote I’ll talk about that a little bit more in just a sec basically when looking for Authority you’re looking for who is responsible for the information what are they actually saying and to the best you can determine why are they saying it what is their motive look for information coming from experts doing or reporting on research when they’re doing research its primary when they’re reporting on it its secondary avoid celebrities who often are not experts in that area but they’re saying things that other people have essentially told them to say and you always want to go to the source you don’t want to rely on layers to get you your information avoid advertisements in order to sell you things of course they have to hide some things and they have to beef up other things and avoid politicians information because politicians are speaking for particular but they are not necessarily experts in that area and they are presenting things much like advertisements to bring forward a particular perspective right check your facts if someone quotes something and you really want to see what that is check that something see if you can find the original and read it in context and this is heading back to anecdotes and opinions look for research because research deliberately does not say we know this research says we think this and we’re going to go out and test it over and over and over again to see if we get the same answer or if the answer changes anecdotes can’t be generalized that way the way that research can they only apply really to the person that’s speaking them to the family that’s speaking them because it’s their lived experience so they are powerful because as humans we connect it to each other through storytelling so it’s often a good way to open up a topic but you want to support your research with solid information that goes across multiple people in communities and opinions well that’s all they are there are opinions and they vary from person to person some are more informed than others so make sure that you’re not taking in accidentally by an uninformed opinion so when you’re looking for e-books how do you do it the library is closed you can’t get a book right now well we have ebooks we have about 65,000 ebooks in fact when you go to look for them you have to log in with canvas if you’ve not already logged into the database and when you find them if it has a call number which is an alphanumeric code that’s like an address for the book that’s in print and right now while the library is closed for the pandemic you can’t actually get hold of those but you can get the ebooks okay regarding your textbooks as a side note

talk to your instructor about textbooks and if you can’t find what you’re looking for chat with us using ask a librarian and we will help get you through the process of finding what you need to do your research so this is a sample search finding e-books in the catalog and I’ll give you a second to take a look at this and then we’re going to walk through it together and I’ll show you how it works in real life you’re gonna head into databases click on ebooks pick an e-book database the ebooks that are listed at that point either are primarily or substantively ebooks and may also include other information so if your instructor has said that you have to use a book be careful and make sure what you’re looking at is actually a book and not an article then you use your topic in this case instead of social media I’m gonna use civil rights you pick a book you take a look at the book and if you like it you can usually email yourself pages from that book you can’t email the entire thing or download the entire thing because the publishers won’t allow the library to do that this is a problem with copyright so I’ll show you how you can email yourself a few pages and if you get stuck always ask us on chat so what does this look like when you decide to do it again to get to the library homepage mouse over student services click on the library and then once you’re here you’re going to head into databases and the second link is for databases that are primarily or substantively ebooks and I’m going to pick the first one which is obscure ebook collection this is our largest ebook collection and everything in here is electronic so you don’t need to worry about not being able to get hold of it so my topic is civil rights and I’m going to narrow that down a little bit because this is a global collection I want it to be in the United States notice I’m not putting US because then the things you mean us and not us okay then I searched that out and I get two hundred and thirty two books so I can go over here to the left and I can say well I’m really interested in maybe the last ten years or so so I can move the publication date and just take a look at the last ten years and that cuts it down a couple of hundred I can also go down here and I can say I want to take a look at subject these are subject headings which means their subjects that librarians have assigned to the book saying this book is about this topic so if you can find a subject that really describes your topic you’re in pretty good shape so if I click down on this and I click show more it will give me a listing of all of the subject headings assigned to do this 88 books and the number of books about that subject so I’m gonna click on the first one just to show you how it works now in to limits date and subject I’ve gone from nearly 300 books to 5 so you can actually narrow yourself all the way out of options if that happens you can take some of these off and broaden your search back again here on the left hand side of your screen so I’m going to pick one civil rights movement people and perspectives this is perspective since American social history series so I know the series is all about what I’m looking for and when I click on that it gives me information about the book it tells me subject headings information about what this book is actually about tells me the categories under which it falls quotes some various parts of the books that actually use my specific search terms and shows me the table of contents so if I decide I’m really interested in student activists I can click on this and it will go directly to that chapter in the book I can scroll through and read it and maybe I decide I really want this page I can go up here along the top and I can save the pages email them to myself print them out get a citation for them remember if you get a citation from a database fix it before you put it in your paper there’s a robot writing this citation and sometimes they miss things you don’t want to have points taken off of your paper because the robots screwed up your site you can also add it to your Google Drive right so if I decide I’m gonna put this into a digital essay so I need it an

email so that I can have that copy I can take my my quotes from I email pages up here and it will tell me the publisher of this book limits to me to 100 pages of those this chapter is 20 pages long I could also just send the current page or say I want this photograph and I also want the text after it I can say give me the current page and the next two pages then if my teacher requires mla citation and for English one they do over here on citation format you can tell it I need a robot’s attempt at an mla citation email it to myself you can send us to any email it doesn’t have to go to your SMC email address but whichever email you sent it to make sure you spell it right give it some kind of a subject I’m gonna say English one because I’m pretending that that is my class never send it in plain text format and email the PDF off what you get at that point in your email is all of the information from this detail record the robots attempt at citation and attached to it a PDF of those three pages I have a chat question so I’m going to take a look at that what citation style is used in ebooks this is private but I’m actually going to share it I apologize because I think it’s important you can use any citation style for any resource but it depends on your class so if I’m in a history class that I’m doing this I’ll probably use APA and my teacher will tell me that and the books and the articles and the videos and the interviews will all be in APA if I’m in an English one class the books and the videos and the articles and the interviews will all be in MLA so it’s determined by the discipline of your class good question so heading back this is how you find books and if I want to find more I can either go back to my result list or I can refine my search change words add or change things here and find more books if you have any questions about finding ebooks please put them in chat and I’ll continue on so the next part of your magical mystery research tour which is periodicals and periodicals or anything published regularly you publish a book today you publish it again in five years it’s either a reprint and the content has not changed or it’s a new edition and the content has changed but either way it’s a different book you published the LA Times today you publish it every day for the next five years it’s still in the LA Times okay there are two general categories of periodicals popular and academic popular periodicals are things like newspapers and magazines that focus on current events a little bit of historical perspective but really they’re focused on a snapshot of today what’s happening right now they’re written by reporters who are not experts in that field although may have written in it for a very long time and they write those stories for everyone to read using colloquial everyday language and usually the about the middle school to early high school reading level and the reason for that is they want everybody to be able to quickly and easily understand and absorb the news the other kind of periodical and when you’ll be using a lot in college our academic journals and they are different for popular literally in every way they are peer reviewed which means they go through a review process before they’re published they are written by researchers in a discipline for other researchers in a discipline which means if you are not a researcher in that discipline they can be a little bit confusing to try to read readers are expected to understand graduate level language specific to that discipline and to not expect very much background they’re expected to already know the basics about the topic so the researcher can do dive into the what’s new and exciting in their research one is not better than the other at this level they are different they serve different needs so follow your instructors advice and requirements when it comes to what you use in your essays for example if I’m an English one my professor might say you have to have five articles and at least three of them have to be scholarly I know at that point the other two might be a newspaper or a magazine or a report but at least three of them have to be journal articles and probably better if

more we’re journal articles now because you’re looking for articles instead of books when you go searching for them you can get a ton of articles instead of like two hundred and eighty five like we did to the books we could get two hundred thousand so when you go into the database you have to be particular with your limiters you have to limit your search in a specific way so that you get what you want and what you need and not just everything right so you’re going to limit to date two formats and format determines date you want to limit it to full-text so make sure you actually get the article and not just the information about the article and like with the book you might want to limit to subject as well if you have a very broad subject use the abstract when you’re searching and this goes back to what I said at the beginning about don’t read everything when you find it read through find the abstract which is the author supplied summary of that article that tells you what the author thinks is important about it if it looks good mail it to yourself go to the next one looks good mail it to yourself go to the next one doesn’t look good skip it go to the next one and do that for two or three different databases okay now I mentioned earlier that date is determined by format that’s because of the content popular things like newspapers and magazines the news changes so you want the most current story so depending on the story that’s being covered for newspapers you may only go back a week or you may go back six months for a magazine you may only go back six months or you know may go back two years but for a journal because it goes to the peer-review process and it takes that time to sort of test the information and fix the information usually you want to go back about maybe five years if it’s a more current topic like technology or medicine or law maybe three years if it’s one that can use a broader perspective like literature or philosophy or history maybe go back ten years always follow your teachers instruction in this one because there the discipline expert and they’re the one you’re writing for so you want to make sure that you stay within their guidelines so here’s a little graphic of exactly how you find specific databases to search I’ll give you a second to take a look at that we are going to be doing this for a few different databases that’s actually pretty much the entire second half of the workshop we go back to the library homepage we click on databases only this time instead of ebooks we’re gonna pick all databases and then we’re going to go through and the databases are either list by discipline I’ll show you that or they’re listed for all databases alphabetically by title with a short description of what is covered by that database and then you dive in you do some searching you find some articles you pull out if they can different database you do it again until you find twice your minimum required articles and this is laying that out very specifically our sample search is going to go into three databases I’m going to look at JSTOR and academic search premier both for scholarly or peer-reviewed journals and US news string to find current events because there are going to be a lot on this topic okay so what does that look like when I actually do it pardon me for just a moment that was an emergency alert for the curfew in Culver City so heading back in to the Santa Monica College library homepage mousing over student services and clicking on the library say I want to start an academic search premier it’s our broadest database once I get to the library I click on databases and from databases instead of ebooks I click on all databases my other option would be say I’m in a business class I’m going to find out about Amazon I can go into business or I want to find out about coronavirus I can go into Health Sciences apropos or I want to find out about Maya Angelou I can go into literature or I want to find out about homelessness I can go into social sciences or I want to find out about ocean pollution I can go into science these database discipline lists do not list all of the databases they only list the databases that are specific to that topic or more general databases that have a lot of information on that topic so I’m going to start in all databases because it covers everything and you’ll

notice as you scroll down we have everything from academic search to physiology to history to fashion to country watch to biographies to drama to film to health and on and on and on so I’m going to start in academic search and you’ll notice this database looks an awful lot like the ebooks collection that’s because it’s published by the same people that’s co-host publishes a lot of our databases and you can always tell which database you’re in right up on top of the search fields it will tell you which database you’re in so I’m going to look for civil rights in the United States and I’m going to start with the same search we did with the books to show you the difference and the results you get when you look for articles instead of 288 I got over 49,000 way too many when I first look at them I notice full text is already clicked so everything I get should actually be an article some of these are periodicals and in these databases periodical means popular so it is not academic it’s a newspaper or a magazine or a report but it’s not scholarly if it’s scholarly it’ll tell me so so right off the bat I may say well my teacher wants me to use journals so I’m gonna restrict it to just journals that just took out 38,000 hits but I still have over 11,000 which is you know about ten thousand five hundred and eighty more than one so the next thing I take a look at just like with the books the dates I am less interested in information that happened in 1889 and more interested in information that’s going on now so this being a scholarly Journal article I’m gonna go for like the last five years sometimes it works sometimes it doesn’t if it’s too small a date area click on show more and you can also do that manually here say okay I’m looking for full text to scholarly journals between 2015 and 2020 and then you search that out and it just got out about another 8000 still too many so at this point I have a couple of options I can go up to the top and I can add a third search term that will start it over in the database and then I’ll have to riad my date limiter and my format limiter I could also head down here and say I really want academic journals yes indeed database give me journals and I can scroll down and you have two subjects listed which can be confusing subject thesaurus term actually makes your search bigger because it’s words that mean the same as your words instead you want to make it more narrow and you want to go to your subject terms click show more scroll down until you find something that it looks interesting to you maybe the American civil rights movement update that you can pick more than one and in three steps I’ve gone from over 49 thousand to twenty five so again be careful with your limiters once you see something that you like and I’ll just pick this one this is in the Journal of American history from March of 2019 it’s a 27 page article so that tells me it’s slant it tells me it’s currency it tells me how long it is so I can tell a bit about it before I even click on it and then when I click on it just like the book it goes directly to the article tells me in the abstract if this is useful or not I can read it over here in the PDF but remember I’m looking for a lot of articles so I’m not going to read it as I see it instead I’m gonna go over here and I have a couple of options I can email it save it cite it I can add it to my Google Drive just to show you what it looks like I’m going to show you cite now even the database says fix it before you put it in your paper so please do that and your instructor should give you examples of how they want your citations to look it’s alphabetical by citation format so since we’re not in Brazil we’re going to leave the Brazilian standards scroll on down to the Modern Language Association and

it gives you a relatively decent attempt at a citation when you copy and paste this into your paper you’re going to lose all your formatting plus it’s in the wrong font so you will want to fix it before you add it to your citations when I email it to myself unlike the book where the publisher only allowed me to mail a certain number of pages it doesn’t matter how long your article is when you email it to yourself you’re going to get the entire article so I send it to myself I give it a subject just so I know what it is I do not send it in plain text format and over here on the right I change the citation format to MLA so that will be in my email and I send it off to continue if I want to find more articles I either go back to my result list or I refine my search and see if there’s a different search term that I’m going to use so that’s one database add to your opposing new points where you found your topic now if I decide I need to do some other databases as well which I hope you do you can go back into all databases and now I’m going to show you JSTOR the reason why I picked these three databases besides the fact that they’re all good sources is they all have very different interfaces so hmm if I’m looking for civil rights and I’m looking for them in the United States I want to ensure here that it is content I can access not everything just the stuff I can actually read and before I go any further I might want to add some things I want to look for articles I’m not looking for book reviews I’m not looking for pamphlets I’m not looking for miscellaneous reports I want articles I want them to be in a language both I and my instructor can read and I really want them to be maybe the last five years so if I say 2015 to 2020 so I can do a little bit of that limiting before I even do my search and that’s really all I would do at this point I search it out and I get five thousand articles just like an EBSCO you can also pick subject but the subject is a little bit different this subject is the discipline of the journals the articles are in so what I’m really interested in and I’m going to show more so we can take a look at them is criminal justice or as economics or as education or as women’s studies or is history labor law I can pick peace and Conflict Studies I can pick specific topics and these topics are not of the articles they’re of the journals the articles are published in so if I decide what I’m really interested in is American Indian studies or African American Studies I can pick one of those and when I click them this takes me from 53 articles to 193 still a few too many so I can go again notice some of these even though you asked for articles it still indexes I can at this time if I’d like add something to my search and say and protests if I search it again and I’ve not done this search so we’ll see how it works notice how it pops all the way back out to 44,000 that’s because you lose all of your limiters again so you have to go back again and you have to say 2015 to 2020 a subject journals not book chapters down to 79 so I can take a look and start seeing when I find okay and just picking one to show you how it works this looks very interesting actually this is in African American education civil rights and black power in the journal of African American history it’s about a six page article and it is on these topics student protests political campaigns college students children I can at this point download the PDF I can ask for a citation or I can take a look at it and

when I click on the actual title unlike emsco where it takes you to the entire article it gives it to me one page at a time so this database is actually set up so you are supposed to read it as you go if I read through this and I read the first page and it looks interesting I download the PDF if it doesn’t look so interesting I skip it I go to the next thing and the reason why I do that again is to keep my brain in search mode and not in understanding and writing mode okay this one doesn’t allow you to email quite like the others do but you can download it to your device okay and over here on the left hand side it will give you information about the item and help you cite it there are formatting problems here but it has all of the information that you need it looks like so again you copy it put it in your paper fix it now the last database that I’m going to show you is news articles so close some of these like don’t get lost so heading back into all databases if I’m looking for current events on a very timely topic I will scroll all the way down to the bottom and the next to the last link is US news stream now why would I go to u.s. news stream instead of saying LA Times comm well time and money if you go to the individual news sites they will request you to subscribe to them of course as an SMC student you have the subscription to the LA Times once you wade through all the pop-ups and take the next four hours going through all the stories you realize you’ve only looked at the LA Times if you go to us new stream with one search you can look at the ten major national newspapers from New York to Washington to Atlanta to Boston to LA onesearch several regional and local newspapers it gives you help with your citation and it delivers you of the article in a format you can you know cite it you can quote from it you can download it you can email it to yourself so I recommend using us news stream because it makes you an efficient researcher and doesn’t require you to subscribe to every newspaper in the US notice again brand new interface so if I say civil rights and this one gives me options and the United States I’m going to add a row and add protests my new term this one is not defaulted to full-text so make sure you click that because you actually want to get the article and I’m going to search it out and see what I get and when I do that I get over 103 thousand who hits because this database covers current events and this is very current I have a chat question so I’m going to look at that quickly yes the recording of this workshop will be up on our YouTube channel as soon as I can get the captions transcribed so probably tomorrow morning okay now look at all the different source types it gives you it gives you reports and trade journals which are kind of like newspapers for specific industries magazines newspapers audios podcasts videos I’m interested in newspapers so I click on that that cuts it in half but I still have fifty-seven thousand articles way too many so I say um Wow I’m really not looking at the 1970s right now I’m looking at did it work yes it did I’m looking at the last six months and suddenly in two hits I’ve gone from one hundred and three thousand to fourteen thousand still too many so I might now write down even further and I might say okay in the last week what has happened and I get two hundred and fifty results at that point if I’d like to I can also say well I’m interested in local results so I want my publication to be the Los Angeles Times this is a way to use the database to get those local results presented to you and then when I find I go through here I say what looks interesting oh this looks interesting this is from June 2nd 2020 the right to protest is sacred this looks to me like an opinion piece but it

might be quite interesting I click on it now this database has newspaper articles from about 25 years ago all the way up to today’s paper so it is literally updated daily so the reason why they can do that is because they don’t have PDFs they type it in which means the one thing you probably won’t want to take a look at for those videos or to look on the web for are images graphics but for the actual text for the for the news that’s here over here on related items it will give you other news reports that are related to this money in some way and it will give you options of other search terms that you can add to make your choose your search even more specific so I wasn’t just looking in the LA Times and I had 250 articles I could add civil disobedience I could add demonstrations and protests and make my subject specific to what I need for my research I decided I like this over here on the right hand side I can download that PDF I can cite it email it and save it to Google Drive save it to my Microsoft onedrive would you have access via canvas etc ok now I’m going to show you email because this email is different than the other ones when you click on this email even though newspapers don’t have bibliographic citations the only way to get the database to send you its attempt at a citation is to ask it to include those bibliographic citations it’s a weird database but it’s a good one I click here and I scroll down to the most current mla that it will give me I tell it where to send it I change its subject the default really doesn’t work for me and I click continue to send it off and then to get back to my results that’s exactly what I click now in the course of the search I have shown you how to use opposing viewpoints to try to figure out a topic how to use an e-book data to try to find a book how to search JSTOR and academic search to find academic journal articles and how to search us new stream to find news articles this is the basics of research you adapt this depending on your topic depending on the requirements of your class depending on what your teacher wants you to do depending on your own interests as you go through this process they call it a research for a reason so as you go through this process if you get stuck ask us on the library homepage at ask a librarian and many of our databases also have an embedded but you’ll always find it on the library home page we will help you get unstuck because often times you’re in the right database but maybe not quite using the best search terms or you have really good search terms but you’re looking at not the best database for that search and we have fortissimo databases so let us help you find the right place to look and the right things to look for to answer your research questions so I’m going to stop sharing at this point and see if anybody has any questions looks like we got them all as we went I have a question yes yeah I was wondering what is the secret word or like this life workshop participants very good question and I didn’t put that in there cuz I was gonna see if anybody noticed so 10 points to you I wish sorry the secret word for this today is unicorn ok because the perfect easy research is a unicorn really pretty doesn’t really exist research is the work so your search term or your extra credit term today is unicorn okay understand thank you okay I hope you that everyone got something useful out of this if your instructor I hope that you will share this with your students and if your students I hope you will find good guidance from this when you go in your research path yeah we’re ready thank you thank you thank you I wish you the very best with your research please stay safe and well you take you thank you right bye-bye