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THE TRAIN We’ll go to Kraków with LeoExpress We went there because we see a huge growth potential there We’ll visit Kolešovka And we’ll show you a crazy passenger Just a few rail things can be described by an interjection So what about when I say “Croak”? That must be the “Frogmouth” Yes but its original train drivers did not like the name at all That’s true, the old train drivers use the name “Pantograph” Come and see our first report on these historical units So I’m going to squeeze out a tear and you enjoy the report PANTOGRAPHS The EM 475.1 electric multiple unit is designed for fast passenger transport around large cities and industrial centres on 3,000 V railway lines The design of the unit with low middle part allows fast entraining and detraining of passengers The vehicle interior is also well designed The seats with washable plastic coating are comfortable There is plenty of luggage space And the hygiene of passengers is ensured as well It was great in it’s time because it had plenty of modern features Today, it’s old unfortunately The basic set has four vehicles There are two tractive and two intermediate vehicles The capacity can be increased by coupling two units together The whole train set is then controlled from one driver’s cab remotely There are several reasons why the machine is being decommissioned Firstly, it’s old It has a self-bearing structure which has many disadvantages There is no bearing frame So the self-bearing structure is more prone to bending and rusting The four-vehicle train is 96m long and it weights 182 tons There are 300 seats and 380 places for standing The first electrical locomotives were more difficult to operate than these units in many aspects This unit is able to control its starting current, for example A great railway era is over A funeral wreath saying “TS 411 bids farewell to the Frogmouth 1964 – 2018” placed on the front of the last Pantograph from Libeň to Podbaba explains what era is ending After 54 years, final retirement is waiting for 451- and 452- series electric units, which were originally designed as EM 475.1 and 475.2 and which revolutionized urban transport in their time I was using it as a kid and my sister called it the “Goody” because it was easy to board it with a stroller So that’s why I’m here for its last ride – So nice memories – Exactly It did a great job Did you travel a lot with it? I worked on these trains So that means you have plenty of memories Yes Fast acceleration with typical pneumatic sounds Low-floor and spacious boarding Modern interior and aerodynamical frogmouth exterior It was a railway phenomenon It’s 8-motor design was also ingenious In case of a failure, it was possible to use just four motors, or even two motors for the ride This is something the Elefant, its successor, doesn’t have For the train to reach its destination, this small thing was required It’s a set of tools which each train driver had It allows you to continue in the ride

There are washers, fuse short-circuit, brake key, double valve If you had this and knew how to use it, there was nothing to stop you If you are thinking that the unit was flawless, the truth is that Frogmouths had many issues which were addressed by design changes They often caught fire because of the flammable materials used Especially the thermal insulation glued by tar adhesive In the 1970s and 80s, over twenty vehicles were destroyed by fire But back to the present It’s Saturday, 11th of August, and the Czech Railways Frogmounth goes to Chomutov with the Libeň unit The National Technical Museum Depository in Chomutov welcomes the 451.025/026 unit with one intermediate vehicle The unit will be stored here as a long-term loan from the Czech Railways We will soon decide on how the unit will be exhibited The Frogmouth will be in a good company of other vehicles of the National Technical Museum Depository in Chomutov Let’s just wish that the unit remains operational, so that it can bring joy to us, who love both the historical and present railway And as you are watching the videos of Frogmouths taken by our viewers, we would like to thank all the 451- and 452- series units for all the good work they did on the Czech railway EXPRESS Express railway news is here Czech Railways invite tenders for the biggest contract in their history The national carrier wants 60 electric and 60 diesel units for regional transport for approximately CZK 15 billion Czech Railways address the requirements of regions that ask for the most modern vehicles when selecting regional carriers Long distance lines will also get around 90 new vehicles for CZK 5 billion They will replace the so-called “leathers” Private carriers LeoExpress and RegioJet also compete for regional lines as the 10-year regional contracts of Czech Railways are about to end Thus, LeoExpress will lease 10 Lint units from Alstom for 10 years and offer them to the regions RegioJet had its first success The Ústí nad Labem Region has announced that it’ll conclude a contract for the operation of trains on six regional lines with this carrier Now, let’s look at this years’ longest passenger train on the Czech railway It was an extraordinary, 500m long train, which departed from Prague with 1,300 passengers at 5:13pm on August 14 It went to the Banát music festival in Romania, where a Czech minority lives Our train has 18 vehicles again We wanted 20, but the railway bodies in Hungary and Romania didn’t allow it because of the lengths of local station platforms Our train has almost 1,000 tons And it is pulled by two locomotives – one is tractive and one is for powering the coaches that need the power to run catering services, drinks cooling, etc Thanks to The Train viewers, you can watch how the train travelled to Romania And now for the three winners of CZK 1,000 vouchers for the PONT markets

Correct answer to the last question: The latest vehicle at the Railroad 600 in Vracov is the 810 series motor coach The PONT Market vouchers go to: Marie Zemanová, Tlučná, Růžena Kučerová, Ústí nad Labem, Václav Michera, Hradec Králové KRAKÓW Prague Main Train Station, Friday, July 20, 2018 A ceremonial atmosphere is in the air It’s because LeoExpress as the first private carrier prepares its first direct train to Kraków, Poland And we’ll test their food, comfort, services, etc We’ve been running bus lines in Poland for some time Thanks to that, we know the market We see that the railway is not as popular in Poland as in the Czech Republic or Germany So we went there because we see a huge growth potential there May the blessing of almighty God – father, son and holy spirit descend upon everyone who travel along this path We’re blessed and we can start As for our trip, we should arrive to Kraków at 11:19pm We’ll stop in Přerov to change the direction of travel Our maximum speed will be 160 kph The train operates on weekends – twice a week It departs from Prague on Fridays and Sundays It departs from Kraków on Saturdays and Mondays It can be used for tourist trips to Kraków The prices begin at CZK 109 As usual with us, the price depends on the train occupancy and on how much in advance the passengers buy their tickets There are railway fans and passengers waiting in each station And we test the new train We travel in business class which is very comfortable There are leather seats and plenty of leg room The same, multiplied by ten, applies to the Premium class with luxury adjustable seats In the economy class, high passengers have to be prepared for a limited leg room But there is a power socket for everyone, the Wi-Fi connection runs well everywhere and you can use the on-board entertainment portal The train is absolutely clean and the personnel very accommodating Our test ends with food and beverages Small snacks and beverages are fine But if you want a whole dinner, there is a room for improvement There is no classic dinner in LeoExpress, it’s rather like a fast food Our cameraman has a sushi set And I have Bún bò Nam Bộ – cold noodles with cold meat and vegetables We both pay CZK 99 for our meal and we quite enjoy it But be aware that in Poland, you’ll have to pay in PLN Be sure to take them with you, because we couldn’t pay with cards on our first ride But enough food, let’s visit the driver’s cab We arrive to Poland, namely to Žibřidovice Everyone is nervous because there may be technical issues when crossing the border For this, the units had to be “Polonized” But the technicians are happy because everything went perfectly YES! LeoExpress, I’m listening, Good evening Good evening to you We had to add standard Polish control systems to the train, we had to modify various electronic systems, and we also had to modify the lighting and other technical details, which the Polish side required The 7-hour trip through Olomouc, Přerov, Ostrava, Žibřidovice and Katowice ends

We’ve reached our destination Several more photos and the journey ends We are in Kraków with a 5-minute delay because we gave way to a freight train We’ll stay in a hotel and visit the city tomorrow Kraków is considered the most beautiful Polish city It’s historical part is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site The Juliusz Słowacki Theatre is a sight to behold The St. Mary’s Church, one of the Kraków’s oldest monuments, is breathtaking And you must not miss the architectonically avantgarde Wawel Royal Castle If you like shopping, you must visit The Cloth Hall on the main square Apart from various goods, there is the entrance to the 4,000m2 Rynek Underground There, the whole Kraków history is stored which means “Take cover” in Czech This was a joke, of course Our Polish mission ends and we have to return to Prague We leave an absolutely beautiful city If you want to have a nice railway weekend abroad, be sure to try Kraków SLOW TRAIN Welcome to another Slow Train episode This time, we’re in Teplice nad Bečvou So let’s look what’s to see here I must say that the former functionalist railway station designed by Josef Danda and built in the years in 1938 and 1939 is in a very sad state The Hranice town wants to buy it from RIA and restore it In the meantime, it has leased it and created an information centre there When visitors come here to Teplice nad Bečvou, they will get all the information from our staff They can visit the Hranice Abyss or the nearby spa in Teplice nad Bečvou They can also visit the Zbrašov aragonite caves And we’re here so let’s look what’s inside the Zbrašov aragonite caves Come! If I had to choose one interesting thing about our caves, I would pick their origin Common caves are formed by the activity of storm water But our caves were created also by hot carbonic acidulous water This water caused, that the caves look completely different compared to other caves in the Czech Republic The caves are decorated by precious white aragonite, there are also raft stalagmites, and gold wall coatings called the “donuts” Exhibitions take place here as well At the present, Hesham Malik’s Black Budha is here We proceed to the Hranice Abyss, the world’s deepest flooded abyss The dry part is 69.5m deep, the flooded part is at least 404m deep In this depth, the underwater robot had to stop its last dive Experts estimate, that the abyss is around 800m deep And do you know that the abyss is also called the Godfather’s Mine? After all the walking, we’ll rest in the spa area of Teplice nad Bečvou, which was built between 1931 and 1949 Today, the spa focuses on clients with cardiac diseases The basic remedy is a strongly mineralized carbonized hypotonic lukewarm water of hydrogencarbonate type Wow, that was hard to say It’s the Janáček spring with acidulous water Acidulous water from Teplice should be warm and sour So let’s taste it It’s rather cold and it’s not sour So I don’t know why they call it like that Our visit is ending – it was nice here in Teplice You have a tip for a trip And I will see you next time

KOLEŠOVKA Every true railway fan had to notice that we’re in Lužná u Rakovníka But we came here to see Kolešovka, the 12km long track from Krupá to Kolešovice ran by the Prague Rail Transport History Club Their trains depart from Lužná u Rakovníka We established the Rail Transport History Club in 1981 Our main motivation for establishing the club was the 354.7152 steam locomotive The locomotive decayed in a locomotive depot in Nymburk and it belonged to the Elbe National History Museum So we borrowed the locomotive from the museum We repaired it with the help of the Czechoslovak Railways and moved it to Zlonice, where we began to restore it to an exhibition worthy state Today, the Rail Transport History Club has an impressive collection of vehicles You can see them in the Kněževes museum, where a steam train can bring you on its return trip to Lužná People can admire 11 steam locomotives, 3 diesel locomotives, 3 motor coaches, and more than 70 passenger and freight cars The fans of model railroads and good movies will also be pleased The Club intensively cooperates with movie makers and lends them their exhibits It’s nice here, I’m enjoying the trip and my kid as well What do you like the most here? The locomotives The locomotives and the great work these guys do every year The locomotives And the atmosphere It’s nice here… the weather is beautiful… amazing You’re maybe wandering about the name of the railway club from Prague, which doesn’t correspond to the famous Rakovník region But that’s life Originally, we stored our vehicles in Prague We had steam locomotives in the Prague-Vršovice depot And other cars were stored in the Prague-Bubny repair shops But there is a lot of construction in Prague, many plots of land are being transformed, and it is difficult to find a place for such large collections Therefore, we gradually moved our locomotives to Lužná, where we helped with the establishment of the museum in Lužná Afterwards, we had to find a place also for the cars, because we had to vacate the place in Bubny So we decided to use the private track in Kněževes This way, a space for museum was created We’ve been running the museum for 12 years One more important thing In just a few days, Kolešovka will celebrate 135 years On September 15th 1883, the track from Krupá to Kolešovice was opened by Buštěhradské dráhy It was nationalized in 1923 and it was decommissioned on September 10, 2006 It’s great that it took just a year for the Rail Transport History Club to restore regular steam operation on this track We were thrilled by Kolešovka, because it’s clear that it’s run by dedicated people For this reason, we highly recommend you to visit the track AMAZING RECOLLECTIONS Yes, this was just a movie scene The ragdoll in the car was only lightly injured

But the Tatra 603 was real and the locomotive as well Let’s see it once more The damage is even worse for smaller cars The danger of level-crossings is simulated by a crash of the locomotive 524.0 and the car Tatra 603 At that time, Tatra 603 was a luxury car for state officials The topic of level-crossings is covered by the film from 1966 shot by the Czechoslovak Army Film It was made in a reaction to an accident in Deštnice that will be mentioned later After a week, we visited the level-crossing again – but not alone Stop a black 603 Copy that, we’ll stop black 603 It’s Tatra 603 The fact that the crash was simulated with the same vehicle provides an interesting context to the following discussion Good day, you were speeding Yes, I carry a delegation and I follow the first vehicle First vehicle? They went fast They went fast? But then we would have stopped them You went fast No, they didn’t go fast – they were behind a lorry Are ministers, secretaries and delegates immune to this? This was 603 as well Do you see it? Copy that, we’ll stop a motorcycle How fast can you go on a level-crossing? Twenty-five? You don’t even know how fast can you go So it’s fifteen It’s thirty kilometres per hour And how much you did? No more than thirty It was forty six A week ago, a big accident took place here and the speed was the same Can you see the 603 in the picture? The traffic police measures the speed on a level-crossing Today, the speed limit on these level-crossings is also 30kph If a white signal is blinking, we can go 50kph But there was no warning board in this case What is the speed limit on a level-crossing? Well it’s slower Come closer, don’t be afraid I don’t know exactly but it should be slower according to the regulations I think it’s up to 50kph Fifty is in a city – Yes – But this is a level-crossing Ok so thirty Yes and how fast did you go? I don’t know You went 36kph So it was just 6kph above And that’s already too much Here’s how a Tatra 603 driver looked like on a level-crossing That’s unfortunate And it was exactly here It’s interesting how many drivers don’t know traffic rules I respected the signals and the “whistle” warning sign I saw a car approaching at 60kph I was certain that the driver sees me and couldn’t know if he’s slowing Often, the driver brakes just before the level-crossing Then it was too late to stop the train even though the fast brake was working It was fast There was a car in front of the machine and blood on the bumper This is a testimony of a train driver from an accident And now we’ll do a test Mirolsav Bušek is a taxi driver from Prague with 17 years of experience This device measures the time between spotting a danger and braking It would take an astronaut 3 kilometres to react It’s 93 metres for a jet fighter pilot and 7.5 metres for a car driver This is enough for the braking distance – and your life – to end on a level crossing You could say that barriers should be used It is, of course, safer The train cannot pass the level-crossing, if barriers aren’t down But what about Deštnice? An accident caused by several people neglecting their duties – for the first time in their lives Despite their reliability, interlocking systems still depend on humans who are still just humans The accident in Deštince in 1966 had 10 dead and 37 injured Barriers weren’t closed and a train hit a lorry carrying students One of the episodes of the Fateful Moments series covers the accident You can see the Řevnice station head and signal box on the Prague-Pilsen line

before its electrification The level-crossing here has AŽD-71 barriers today Do barriers even work? There is also the locomotive 534.0528, the last one of its series It was decommissioned in December 1977 If the opening was wider, how many cars would stop? This one is also safeguarded Read this sign when you have time for it The signal is activated by the train which will be here in several seconds If you don’t mind barriers, why stop because of warning lights? So once more – be careful on level-crossings Because this cross can lead you to a cemetery The behaviour of drivers has not changed Because of dense traffic, the issue is even bigger Next time, we’ll see how the safety in train arrival is ensured STOP BLOCK According to his Facebook profile, this is 22-year-old Boris from Boskovice We don’t want to comment on this video Go for it! One lunatic behind us, our competition awaits Do we have a question? We ask in what year this type of Pantograph was put into operation Send your answers to the addresses indicated on the screen by 15 September What’s the prize? For three of you, we have CZK 1,000 vouchers to Pont markets So send us your answers and Long live the railway!