Future: In the Crosshairs | RT Documentary

Just another WordPress site

Future: In the Crosshairs | RT Documentary

many films will be made about the year 2020 and then all start something like this people going about their business dining in restaurants friends hugging each other and politicians shaking hands on tv but everything changed suddenly and quickly in just days the whole world was paused the kovit 19 pandemic has shown that our sense of security is an illusion man has never been nature’s master do we have time to prevent the next crisis or at least get ready for it and do we have the resources to see us through we’re already at a breaking point there is many challenges the energy supply without energy there is no life change this is our heart we live as long as it keeps beating and it keeps beating as long as electrical impulses like bandmasters conduct the orchestra of muscles valves and vessels and that’s our earth trillions of little lights spread across the continents illuminate the symphony of life playing out across the globe from australia to russia from japan to the usa but what if tomorrow our planet had a heart attack hearts can often be jump started as long as the hospitals have power but could our planet be revived so easily or is it too late is that already an impossible goal the earth’s population is growing but food and energy supplies are decreasing how long before we start fighting not just for food and water but to heat our homes what would it take for our familiar world to collapse like a house of cards what are today’s challenges and threats and is the time to prepare we spoke to experts and scientists all over the world for a picture of what our immediate future could hold if in the next couple of years at least two-thirds of the population is infected with covet 19 the disease could take 32 million lives that’s the price mankind would pay for not being prepared for a threat about which science has warned us for many years is a sign that our ecosystem is failing and breaking down and it can even kill us anytime but soon even deadlier infections might team up with coronavirus there’s no telling how many will die in future epidemics but the number of deaths from environmental pollution has been calculated quite accurately many many people about 20 000 a day die early because of pollution no one talks about that it’s much bigger than covet weather forecasts have long resembled frontline reports last year australia was engulfed by its biggest ever bushfire in january 2020 storm gloria covered spanish cities with icy foam soon after that millions of people in the us indonesia cuba and china were affected by torrential rains and floods and in may the resort city of antalya was snowed under while one part of the earth experiences a cold spell another goes through global warming the light in oslo was cold siberia was warm antarctica was warm longer being in norway was warm

permafrost is melting i think we’re on paths on a track to about three for three to four degree warming by 2050. by even two to three degree they say it can be very disastrous talking about degrees 80 meters of sea rise level and in the next hundred years if ambient temperatures rise by as little as two to three degrees not only will dozens of island states like the maldives be inundated but also large parts of italy denmark germany the uk poland spain china and japan brazil and amsterdam venice miami new orleans st petersburg and vladivostok will be submerged more than a hundred million people will become climate refugees that great migration caused by global warming will be exacerbated by overpopulation by 2050 10 billion people will inhabit the planet and there are only about 8 billion now we’ve seen the impact of mass migration in recent years out of iraq and syria and north africa a major disruptive influence and you’ll have a lot more but is the earth able to sustain 10 billion people yes we will have to learn a new way of life more people will mean greater demand for food water and inevitably energy but where will we find them every year five million children die due to lack of food eight hundred and twenty million people are starving at this very moment billions of us are facing an energy shortage which means no refrigerators or cell phones but what uses a smartphone if there’s no way to charge it energy poverty robs almost 2 billion people around the world of the prospect of having a healthy and productive life in many countries people struggling with their own survival have little time to consider the planets a struggle for resources has begun though fresh water resources are not that plentiful and while some countries have hundreds even thousands of lakes and rivers others have already introduced strict rationing for cooking and washing wars over water are a real possibility we’re seeing the potential for conflict over trans-boundary water resources for example the conflict we see between egypt sudan and ethiopia over the renaissance dam yes material is a group of to avoid hunger and wars in 2015 193 countries signed a un initiative and agreed to 17 sustainable development goals by 2030 they are showing that the world you leave behind is at least as good and preferably better than the world that you have started your business in among those 17 u.n goals are the eradication of poverty and hunger combating climate change access to clean water and affordable energy for everyone but can mankind achieve those goals in ten years we still see very limited uh progress i think what has happened now with the pandemic the kobit 19 pandemic is that a lot of that progress has actually

as the world spins faster a new crisis may erupt at any moment and we’re still doing little to solve many of our problems in many cases i think some political leaders say look it might happen but it won’t happen on my watch or push it down the road the next crisis be it a pandemic or world hunger will affect every aspect of life and when all the challenges we could have prepared for but didn’t converge we’ll face a true disaster it would be very sad if we damaged the planet to a degree that we no longer will be able to sustain ourselves in this planet and we’ll have for example to colonize another planet to stop challenges becoming threats and threats bringing about an apocalypse we need to change our world before it’s too late that’s how to save ourselves and the planet only energy can save mankind from wars over food or heat for our homes lots of accessible and clean energy but we’re not quite there yet to curb global warming we must change the global energy mix today two-thirds of our energy comes from non-renewable sources like coal oil and gas the rest comes from biofuel hydroelectric power nuclear energy and other renewable sources the biggest problem is that people produce too much carbon which warms up our atmosphere quickly but what needs to change before the earth turns into a giant oven let’s try to figure it out non-renewable energy is the main offender when it comes to global warming china india and the us are indeed the main emitters of greenhouse gases however at least china and india are the most populous country to countries as well and what takes first place in the dishonorable fossil fuel rankings coal of course be oil and gas attract the most criticism as energy sources m as a renewable energy advocate ecologist miguel brandow admits however that this kind of technology still takes up too much space to power the city of lisbon you would need thousands of wind turbines and that has some land requirements so that some land that could be used for other purposes like agriculture but for smaller towns and factories far from a nuclear power plant or gas pipeline the transition to renewable energy might be a reasonable solution russia’s largest wind farm is in the republic of adigeere it can provide power for up to 150 000 using this example of an innovative building or hypercube as they call it at the skulk of a technopolis scientist carol dictorov tries to explain why neither solar nor wind power are the most versatile of energy

foreign um even with all the advantages of solar panels and windmills they are still not completely benign but you have to choose the lesser of two evils there are that’s disturbing nature but it’s also emissions in the production and transportation of windmills and so on still much much less than the emissions from current power generation of fossil fuels experts predict that hydraulic power will retain its position in the future global energy mix but you can’t just put a hydroelectric power plant anywhere experts believe that various sources will find their place in the future energy fuel mix species what can be said for sure is that in 50 to 100 years nuclear power will play a leading role in global energy with low carbon emissions nuclear power is one of the cleanest if you do the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear energy against other sources of energy or even renewable energy nuclear energy doesn’t come out all that bad so it could from a climate change perspective would be actually a good tool to use to affect for years france’s neighbor germany has tried to switch to renewable energy under pressure from the greens every nuclear power plant in the country will shut down by 2022 foreign germany will pay an incredibly high price for its nuclear power phase out an additional 36 million tons of carbon dioxide emitted into the air even worse is that sulfur dioxide which is found in coal soot now kills at least 1100 people a year through respiratory and cardiovascular diseases the cost to consumers for a kilowatt hour has increased dramatically german consumers paid 11 euro cents in 2011 and 29 now although those who opposed nuclear power promised that the price would fall to six cents in contrast russia is increasingly involved in developing nuclear power one-fifth of the country’s energy is generated by 11 stations with 38 power units the most modern is the leningrad mpp which was built with the latest technology the three plus generation unit with vver 1200 reactors which will be fully operational in twenty twenty one reactors experts say that modern nuclear power plants are completely

nuclear physicists are so confident in their design that they’ve installed it in a floating nuclear power station the academic loma nosov a world first residents of the polar village of pavek enjoy thermonuclear power and heat she’s disadvantaged sooner or later humanity will run out of nuclear fuel a problem already being addressed with the newest technology belias npp has two fast neutron reactors working together the m600 and bn 800 they differ from other heating plants firstly in terms of higher safety levels in an emergency the reactor stops by itself with no human input secondly fast reactors can create raw material for new fuels at a greater rate than they consume it is fast neutron reactors produce 50 times more heat energy than conventional nuclear power plants in the 21st century one event may change not just the world’s energy industry but also the lives of every human being war could be just okay created due to the fact of the competition for energy with the hydrogen fusion i believe it will be finished uh nuclear fusion which is an exciting solution it’s been a big dream for more than 60 years and it’s not impossible that it now becomes realized the main advantage of fusion power is an infinite supply of fuel water and lithium and there is enough of water and lithium on earth to supply the energy for the population of the order of 10 billion of inhabitants for hundreds of millions of years so nearly unlimited raw material there are already dozens of thermonuclear reactors and they’re all still experimental recreating the sun in a reactor is possible but containing it is incredibly challenging in five years the most grand scaled and ambitious international project of recent times ita should be completed the donut itself is sort of wrapped by a freezing chamber of liquid nitrogen but how do you know what’s happening inside scientists must monitor the temperature and plasma density every second well capacity of the material to sustain the energy flux is maybe four to five times the flux of energy you have in a nuclear standard so it will be very turbulent and so you have to control this turbulence to avoid okay to have a wrong behavior of the overall plasma this unique optical laser system which was developed in troitsk near moscow will be used to monitor the plasma state without it the ita project would be meaningless russia an incredibly powerful laser is being built for the ita project it’s the only way to ignite a fusion target in a specific way without using the takamak principle perhaps one day laser fusion power will become

commonplace along with installations like hitter the ita project is astonishing in its size but scientists believe that in the future a fusion reactor could be shrunk to the size of an office building but when will that be yeah one thing is certain soon enough humanity will have to respond to the challenges it’s already facing but what will the answers be a decision is needed now on earth almost 8 billion human hearts are beating right now some are tiny some have lived for decades and it’s all mixed into an incredible and energetic symphony of life but in 50 years you won’t recognize the orchestra and in a hundred years the earth might sound totally different the planet will stop playing humanity’s notes or do we still have time to completely rewrite the music the music of a new life you