Marcin Jakubowski – Midwest Renewable Energy Fair

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Marcin Jakubowski – Midwest Renewable Energy Fair

is this working hey guys that’s good okay well I’m glad to be back in Wisconsin so I went to school here for my grad grad studies and that was about 10 or 15 years ago I went through my purse energy care so I’m glad to be back it’s awesome so okay so first of all can everybody hear me in the back ok ok let’s just see this ok I’ll try to speak a little louder ok so first of all who’s on who’s seen the TED talk quite a bit of you but for those who haven’t seen it I’ll play that again so it’s still a great overview of the work that we do and I’ll tell you about what the progress has been since then a little bit about myself as far as what led me to do that so let’s get started so the concept here is about creating the open source economy collaborative economy where we simply unleash innovation by open collaboration next and that’s the underlying theme as far as some contact info our main site is open source ecology at org follow us on Facebook open source ecology we put regular updates there if you like to see some pictures of the recent events and some of the drip tray pressing is we facebook quite a bit so and then you can contact we march in an open source ecology d’ivoire so this is our Facebook page let’s start with the TED talk so now we need to get the sound that can we have sound sound please ok hi my name is marcin farmer technologist of the born in Poland now in the US I started group called open source ecology we’ve identified the 50 most important machines that we think takes for modern life to exist things from tractors bread ovens circuit makers then we set up to create an open-source DIY do-it-yourself version that anyone can build and maintain at a fraction of the cost we call this the global village Construction Set so let me tell you a story so I finished my 20s with a PhD in fusion energy and I discovered I was useless I had no practical skills I mean the world presented me with options and I took them I guess you can call the consumer lifestyle so I start a farm in Missouri and learn about the economics of farming I bought a tractor benin broke i paid to get it repaired and broke again and pretty soon I was broke too I realized that the truly appropriate low-cost tools that I needed to start a sustainable farm and settlement just didn’t exist yet I needed tools that were robust modular highly efficient unoptimized low-cost made from local and recycled materials that would last a lifetime not designed for obsolescence I found that I would have to build it myself so I did just that and I tested them and i found that industrial productivity can be achieved on a small scale so then i published the 3d designs schematics instructional videos and budgets on a wiki then contributors from all over the world began showing up prototyping new machines during dedicated project visits so far we have prototype eight of the fifty machines and now the project is beginning to grow on its own we know that open source have succeeded with tools for managing knowledge and creativity and the same is starting to happen with hardware too we’re focusing on the hardware because it is hardware that can change people’s lives in such tangible material ways if we can lower the barriers to farming building manufacturing that we can unleash just massive amounts of human potential that’s not only in the developing world our tools are being made for the American farmer builder entrepreneur maker reaching lots of excitement from these people who can now start a construction business parts manufacturing organic CSA or just selling power back to the grid our goal is a repository published design so clear so complete that a single burned DVD is effectively a civilization starter kit I planted a hundred trees in a day I pressed five thousand bricks in one day from the dirt beneath my feet

and built attractor in six days from what I’ve seen this is only the beginning if this idea is truly sound than that implications are significant a greater distribution of the means of production environmentally sound supply chains and a newly relevant DIY maker culture can hope to transcend artificial scarcity we’re exploring the limits of what we all can do to make a better world with open hardware technology thank you ok so that was in 2011 so what drove me to do this just a couple of personals I come from Poland at the age of 10 sits a small country with a lot of powerful neighbors we do have a long history of war and my grandmother was in a concentration camp my grandfather was zero in German supply trains through this was in World War two those kinds of thoughts and have stuck with me so when I left Poland in 1982 this was the scene my hometown which is not a parade the real scene behind the Iron Curtain time of scarcity the best things got better moves to the America with the Princeton undergrad and then university of wisconsin-madison for the grad school and that’s where I discovered that I was useless at the same time that the last year of the program though I think 2004 I also started the open source ecology project which is essentially what happens with open source meets ecology needs to calm the new paradigms new way of thinking about things so then we moved over to Missouri’s Maysville Missouri’s and begin to build by 2011 we had the same different prototypes when we continued system by Dennis 2012 had about 60 prototypes and clean about a dozen reputation and five countries around the world so the first one was a guy in Texas who names Leigh who downloaded our planet those are machine and when I first saw that I thought it was a Photoshop of our brick press but no that’s 10 the real plans real be friends downloaded maintenance a real machine compress bricks like these right here it was a number of other replications a green machine that’s going to stage a power cube a universal power unit hydro power unit tractor the bill by group of high school students in pasadena for the tractor attempts in guatemala is another brick press in Italy one all the way across the world in China and oh so the concept is of bringing appropriate tools to make life easier because I believe that true freedom really revolves around our individual ability to convert those abundant resources out there to be ourselves from material constraints so that’s a game that humanity has not mastered the artificial scarcities of manifest cells and wars and poverty hunger and many ills a lot of different different issues who personals and political are still determined by material scarcity now because we have transcended I mean we don’t have any limits in terms of how we can how effectively we can survive and thrive that’s kind of scarcely that we see today is something that’s not really naturalist it’s pretty much human-made so what to do about well what we do in our work is publish these open blueprints we we continue refining the machines providing good tools for everybody in the world and really optimize 2012 the build of the best presents when we achieve in a single day build with a group of 10 people and that’s that’s how this look upon the volume a little bit this is similar to what we did just the last few days actually as we take the breaks here we have even more people this time we had about half the team dedicated to documentation so that we could put a blueprint and anyone else can use and mental as we were going through this process we’re actually adding value to the documentation we pretty much worked at Google Docs lose presentations online or e you asleep make improvements to the blueprints and publish Supreme mortgages so that’s a very prediction adhere

that’s the basic basic idea see ya what will continue going so that’s a couple of words on the machine so our brick press is we call it the Liberator and why because it liberates you from the main cost of living which is your house we can produce with this machine you can produce up to up to 10 bricks a minute which is about 5,000 per day which is enough for a small house machine itself costs about four thousand dollars and materials including the full automatic controller glia Arduino controller everything is open source you can actually download the files to make your own circuits for this and also to cut your own case we have a transparent case we like to be transparent for your electronics and you can pretty much take everything there is and without without you doing the work you can either give this to a local fabricator you can download the computer aided control files or a cutting table like a CNC cutting table and you can make this quite readily now the price is four thousand materials we sell these now for nine thousand dollars veneers competitor the same throughput machine will cost you about 52,000 so there is a real economic case for making these open source and blueprints work which means that we’re simply taking out all the different competitive waste out of product development such as the design process which which cost a lot of money otherwise that we’re collaborating with many people such as for example a designer of another brick press worked with me and I pretty much told okay I’m doing this project a lot of people are quite willing to contribute their expertise to make things happen with the cost effective way to do things so back in 2012 we were on a version form the life track that’s the that’s our open source tractor in 2013 we build the next version which is live track 5 which is now being used and in garden project in New Orleans right now and since then we’ve done a few more things we build like this is life track 5 and okay I do want to show a few of these we make this faster I might practice it so cool Roger and upgraded brick press laser cutter we’re just continuing on prototyping all these different machines last year we’re on live track version 6 we build up this this laser cutter so for example if you see take a look at our machine that’s in the natural building area we’re going to be pressing some more bricks today we can iron controller backhoe and transfer my iron ore per Bacco Trenchard then show the proof of concept of how our open source tools to work in harmony so last year we’ve shown how the traction brick red cell full verizon argument can work in army to build a comfortable affordable home which is this is a micro house a small structure that we can build in about a week and we’re optimizing that optimizing the design publishing everything so we’re seeing the whole whole string of events from actually making the machines to using them real real conditions and the goal for the end of this year would be to youth build a brick friend the model the tractor and then build a micro house on and they let me come cheap so if I if we get my pulled it off this is electric five and you orleans doing some work moving things around if dentistry radical optimization so last term answer to reintroduce it kind of a modular lego like construction method you see is love basically body being tubing which can be used right as the tractor or we’re using that in them in the trencher in the backhoe we’re actually doing a cnc torch table now made with this kind of same frame we’ve done the iron worker which which presses with about a hung tongues to cut the sheer slamming of Steel so we’re seeing the different methods goes the word for higher force application and like I missed an ironworker when you took us about six months in the middle would you see in the picture right now after simplifying just radically redesigning it and still making it work out of that box name to we were able to build it about twelve back so it’s just crazy optimization that we’re seeing well and its work and then machine for example if able to keep like at seven thousands of a blade gas and this whole process so discipline to love the penny machine and my precision machines as you see we pretty much you know like I said basically a box with wheels on the modular really units you basically take out a couple of bolts put on a meal units you can add international different power units like

for example the universal rotor is the wheels 11 form and it’s trencher rotor in another it’s a highly flexible building system literally the life-size lego set for making real technology half and that’s that’s the goal is to have a small farmer know somebody a producer our interest and being able to handle their life or their equipment base now policy without that running them out of business that’s the compass social mrs last year’s prize this is a refresh in the back of the micro houses that siding on it because the bricks themselves are not stabilizing or just using a straight earth from the site right from behind the house there and you have to protect that from water so you can do things like signing or you can do overhangs or you can stabilize the bricks with cement like like this brick here is stabilized and about a lot of pounds of cement to above a 10-pound brick and that becomes pretty much water resistant you can leave that outside as an outer outer facing wall and this is once again about empowering people to do the things that they want with you really think about okay can we get the volume up on that so the concept we’re relying on here is that I mentioned a word artificial scarcity so the first thing we have to consider this is an energy back here the Sun throws at us whole surface of their it’s about 10,000 times more power than we use even in our wasteful economy so that tells us that the energy basis I mean we’re pretty secure on that and then it’s a matter of converting those common resources out there through technological means into the live stuff of modern civilization how do we do that all of the wealth that we enjoy today for a modern standard of living relies on rocks soil sunlight plants and water those are all abundant yet the productive mechanisms of society is what makes it scary artificially so that’s them that’s an interesting point to make because once we can master the provision of all the goods and services to society we start thinking about different things what’s really important in our life and I like to refer to Daniel Pink’s TED talk on this point here to talk about the surprising science of motivation which says that it’s not a bigger Herot on a stick that drives us but much more fundamental value in those being autonomy mastery and purpose those are the fundamental drivers and all of us whether we know that or not and it’s something that a lot of us here are in touch with today literally the power of a micro factories under our hands with advanced technology that we have today if you have seen 3d printing for example better things like 3d printing are making that very clear for for many people you can this is lowes Box open source 3d printer which you can materialize things out of code out of computer code which is pretty spectacular and for me personally my life has been changed when I build a first tractor you just saw the power that we can all have in terms of our our ability to produce the things that we need and to survive and thrive but most of the world doesn’t think like that so did you know that in 2012 apple and Google’s spent more on patents and on research and development that’s an outstanding figures that tells you about how much southern way still is out there as you can imagine what would happen if those resources were spent on solving solving wicked problems pressing world issues that are still there it’s an opportunity that we’re bypassing a little bit so we like to talk about the open source economy where we don’t worry about patents we give away everything we’re radically brave to share the things that we have in terms of the knowledge of product design everything because we believe that everybody can win building in which i’m confessin rogram evolving the extreme so right now we’re we’re producing machines when I residing techniques to a revenue model based on educational production workshops so so the way we’re trying to go about this I mean we can for this machine suggest as an example we had a workshop on a brick press similar to what we have now we actually sold the machine and then we also collected revenue from the tuition so we’re pretty much hosting workshops turn the machines I’m trying to use that way to to bootstrap the project further we’ve been on some foundation funding before but that of course is unstable you can really scale a project a worldwide movement on that I don’t think so we’re trying to develop the real blueprint the real wishing that work we’re going to be hosting these like the next repressed workshop in about a month

we’ve got a power cube workshop a microcar micro house workshop coming up so that’s all all these things are coming up through the workshop model and we we’re finding that you can create a socially Pleasant collaborative production social production the concept where a group of people get together under the guidance of a skilled person skilled guide and then we can actually build these things just like we did with the brick press over the last three days largely what people have never done welding before so so we’re just pretty much stripping the barriers to participation in our technological process we call that extreme production well can this ever steal this is what we’re exploring let’s compare to the traditional business model which says that good artists copy and great artists steal Picasso said that I mean that that means that we’re all building upon all the tons of knowledge you’re standing on the shoulders of giants to build on what society has developed over over its history now today people also think that the main business the mainstream business model that we also have to prevent others from spinning from us well that’s people like jobs jobs say that that’s one way to look at it but but we turn this thing upside down and our model includes two points one so still the fact that we build on all the fryer work that’s available to us but also we think that the greatest part is help others steal from them so what’s that mean and that simply means that we foster radical collaboration we’re not afraid to give anyway the first time when you want to reclass of that okay that’s that’s our goal here we’re saying that if we give something away many other people can contribute and with a good energy that comes from that more people are you willing to contribute back into the pool of common knowledge and that’s our method where we’re proposing that as a way that innovation can simply be accelerated towards the open source economy where imagine I mean companies did not compete with on one another to have the better product and imagine everyone had access to the best design best practices and that continued to be developed as a collaborative effort between between everyone well that’s the kind of paradigm that we’d like to see in this world that’s what we’re working for this year we’re doing a very small shop so so far we’ve had a workshop on the micro house on a brick press you also had a 3d printer workshop in the second half of the air we’re looking at doing a a tractor building workshop and we’re going to try to build that tractor in a single day a fancy torch table a torch table is a machine that lets you cut steel my computer control such that you can produce all the parts for a tractor the brick press readily likely within hours and then you can just weld and assembled we’re also considering a laser cutter workshop we’ll see how far that goes but basically a lot of different workshops from different topics I also mentioned the micro car and the power cubes we’re actually adding these workshops in collaboration with other people and we’re also doing basically the model is if you’d like to if anyone out there invite you if you’d like to collaborate in a workshop with us we’d love to do something like a fifty-fifty revenue share and the workshop regarding the tuition and all that so so it’s a model that we’re trying to scale get a lot of different people to work with us as a scalable way to improve the research and development effort because anybody who ends up hosting a workshop or building the machine things they end up contributing to the efforts in some way to the design different ideas that is the collective effort that that makes it powerful now how do we do this how do we achieve this single day bill so we we do what’s known as module based design we break down our machines into all the different models like presenting them the brick press it’s made of the mainframe that arms legs hopper soil loading drawer the hydraulic system so he pretty much break down the machine into small parts and then people can develop them all the parts in parallel and that’s the way to have sorry the effort if you have a large group of people so what we do is if you go to this is actually heard uzuki platform open source ecology w keep calm we have all our 50 machines up there when you go into each machine that’s broken down into all the different modules and then for each single module we go through all the different developments that everything from a concept designed to the bills of materials the CAD files

instructional videos everything else that comes into making a single single module or machine so we developed on the module level so that we can break down the problem into many little parts so like Wikipedia many many people collaborating on a project to another example of module based design is another project elder called wiki speed so they’ve broken down there their car into the mainframe the wheel units the interior module the aeroshell and things like that bumper module so that once again it largely have a large team all the people can build this in parallel and an assemblage rather quickly so that that’s basically how is that we’re seeing that collaborative production where people get together and these workshops can produce many of the things that otherwise be relegated to perhaps some slave labor in another far country so it’s a good idea now on top of this module basis I may also follow the construction set approach so that means that some just designing one item we design a construction sector that I so like for the tractor it’s not really attract the black track five plans it’s really really more afterlife track construction set where if we design a tractor by using similar principle you can enlarge parts so you can make a micro tractor a bulldozer a truck truck tour a backhoe other implements by using a set of common parts like this interchangeable power units interchangeable wheel units modular frames and many other components that can interchange is we’re trying to see what’s the minimum set apart it can get you to create an entire infrastructure that can make society drive that’s a worthwhile experiment I’m just trying to determine what that is so when we look at any single one of our machines it’s not really advancing itself it looks like that because it’s got relations to many other machines and sometimes that’s pretty hard for people to grasp because we’re not just designing one machine we design it for the entire set so that’s a different design principle now there is encouragement regarding the collaborative development process if we’re able to break down machines into all the different modules and then break down each module into all the different design steps well if we got to do that and this is Wikipedia which is about it happen like a thing is about a half a million articles per year well if one of our design points was equal to a Wikipedia article then we’d be done with the entire project in like half a year so as far as all the 50 tools being developed so then I mean there’s hope but it’s really hard to get a large collaborative effort going like that you’re talking about people using I mean you’re using real materials which have costs and people have different tools and it’s just a much more complex process than just software or information development but because most of this is information you can treat it somewhat like the Wikipedia problem we can break it down into many many parts so if we can succeed in breaking down our project into understandable tiny parts than many people can contribute little details about all the developments that okay I show this picture this is uh this is actually a connected I’m just want to make a point here this is a connector from a 3d printer once again from the lulzbot health and for speedy printer so this is a technical like a graphical technical explanation of all the parts pretty much if you have this in front of you can go look at the table downstairs source departs from different manufacturers you can build this but the cool thing about it is that it’s open sources as a license in the top right top left corner there which says that permission is ramping to copy distribute and modified and documents in the terms of the creative commons attribution for point in ternational public license making me as a license and open source license which allows you to use these plans to build this to sell it if you want and when particular about licenses that there’s CC so that’s creative commons binding attribution fa share alike that’s the life as we is CP by to say there’s another license n and see which is non-commercial we don’t really like that because that means you can’t actually make a living off miss we want people our plans are open for you to produce them as well so that if you want to earn money from this you’re welcome to do so because it’s a great motivator you got to make a somehow it’s good if it’s in a in an open source way and ethical calling there’s a little bit of our town that’s a little over here so this is um this is an overhead view of our site here our facility we’ve got 30 acres in the

middle of nowhere Missouri niceville and here’s our main main workshop our house this year we’re getting a little bit of agriculture going we’ve got an orchard we’re building a lot of different infrastructure this year still rebuilding more microhouses building a second workshop a campground so there’s a lot of construction going on work we’re continuously developing the infrastructure make it comfortable for people oh also uh one know that i started the two fans program a number of years ago when like as you saw in the pictures i was broke and i needed some money so I basically published all the plans online started a blog and start a true fans program where people are donating a small amount along to the project so right now we have about 300 or so contributors like that that also helps the project so you can you’re welcome to subscribe to that as well you get twenty five percent off our workshops if you subscribe to the true fan little plug for that yeah but I mean that’s about all I have so the bottom line is about collaborative development for exciting this exciting innovation sometime is a early days people associate this with kind of like conquering bunker so survivalism or like end-of-the-world scenarios environmentalism or whatever the desiccation of this art I mean are many it’s like we’re just providing the tools there’s applications to all kinds all kinds of areas environmentalism to resilience to just making a better economy in general by getting everybody involved in that process and lowering the barriers so that everyone can win so thank you very much and I’d like to take some questions if anybody there’s a question only i just wanted a few right into the whole earth catalog was back in the nineteen seventies of course so that’s some of the seminal reading for anyone in this trade and pretty much the I guess the expansion into the open source around maybe they’re they’re pretty much open source into sharing information but yeah absolutely nuts that’s what we need the best tools and practices and this in this day and age that to us means open source yeah please you have a place where folks can suggest projects such as a sawmill why the film is already in the set but as far as suggestions for project we have our wiki where people pretty much our sandbox where everybody is free to input material and if people have stuff that surfaces to the top I mean pretty much we we talk to those people and collaborate with them further but we don’t really have like for example I could point to local motors as a basically local car manufacturing and workshops tiller to ours is an excellent platform we can contribute design and all that but that takes a lot of infrastructure and I mean it’s a full blown out effort like Wikipedia 30 million dollars and their budgets to create their platforms we don’t have mean we’re like a hundred times less than that so it takes money to organize that but that’s definitely something we need to do more on an excellent platform for collaboration so all the all the valuable ideas are captured and I’ll deal with liability issues say somebody build your product with your plank yeah what what happens or how do you how do you do with this bicycle right right now okay okay so right now we simply have a disclaimer about using this these things at your own risk for the products that we produce I mean they’re pretty much kiss or the person participates in the whole process so it’s literally like you built it yourself now as far as the rigorous treatment of that I mean we haven’t run into any issues yet but it’s something like we’re just a producer can definitely have to spend all this money on liability insurance but by doing the kit approach we’re going to get away from most of that and if people builded themselves I mean they think the liability after our disclaimers for taking the risks associated with building any serious machines there’s a question up front here okay yes do you happen to partner with any organizations like tech shop or open social production if you’ve heard them yeah or open or crowdfunding yeah etc okay so you do have yeah absolutely so crime funny I mean we did one of our earliest campaign on kickstarter and generally like sixty thousand dollars for the tractor like basically the civilization starter kid version 0.01 we published initial plants

with attractive breasts pulverizer and averages with that funding as far as text shafia they’re an excellent place they’re actually offering us to use their facilities we had a little bit of contact with them and for us we’re trying to generate all the tools like a tech shop like an open-source tech shop so that one of the applications of our work is putting together local prototyping facilities just like traction on the button with all the open-source equipment so the more costly ones off the shelf yes this is all on-site equipment right it’s all used on site and we are transportation and housing for this and then also for the brick maker instead it produces enough Rixon how many ministers you know produce a house in a day now also the places where these things are constructed how long the labor force how many hours of labor manual labor love with these pieces of equipment if that were translated into the manual labor Thomas many jobs or what kind the employment could not provide for people in lieu of love you know yes not a production Yeah right yeah yeah I mean I think because the claims are open i think the collective efforts of all people who can take the plans and run with them to get into production my claim is that that could rival mass production it’s not not mass production in a sense that one company makes a billion of some units but billion people make one of each or a thousand people make a thousand of one thing so I think the potential is that by distributing a power to many many people you end up with with good ideas like Jeffersonian democracy of all days that’s that taken to the modern day what about producing in areas where infrastructure is really destroyed like today after the 18 disaster how could you say partner with nonprofits or something in order to get down there since there is such an accessible labor and Annie’s how do you have any ideas about that I don’t know I’m just thinking yeah I mean that’s the topic that comes up all the time so my response on okay go into a place without infrastructure it from one sense we might have more of the different tools of the set created in before we were to cordon ample exits down to Africa because you want something breaks you’re not going to part so my general response to that is ok well let’s wait till the induction furnace or metal melting capacity comes in so we can generate our own version of steel from scrap so we’d like to have more of our tools as the collective the unified set before do you want to go somewhere and set up shop elsewhere because we don’t have the supply chains which we have here you still can do it right now we’re relying on the pretty much off shelf arts until the point where we start making we’re starting to make some of our parts but just about when you start you have the chicken and I probably have to start with what exists I mean we’re hiring collaborators in the sense of partners where if we you want to get involved in organizing workshops I think there’s a significant revenue model possible there I think you’ll say say I mean just the numbers in a workshop if we sell machines in the given workshop that’s five thousand dollars revenue there’s tuition from say 24 people paying like four hundred dollars for a typical workshop it’ll be like almost ten thousand so then there’s significant earning potential there we’re thinking then that way we can invite people to collaborate and develop risk share with us because we’re trying to evolve the organizational model not we don’t want to just start another big walmart or like GM or something and that’s them if we approach it from the approach of I mean just a lot of hiring and all that and becoming a big bureaucracy we’re trying to be really careful about what that looks like so right now we’re pursuing the model of the workshops and collaborators to join us partners so any of you here for then ok this is the last question ok how do you prevent somebody from patenting some of your what you’re doing it’s not patented it was the protection yeah so the license we is is creative commons CC by-sa the share alike clause in there means that if somebody uses our plans they have to release it back into the open so that’s one way so basically it turns out if you publish something whatever you’ve already done you cannot add that’s for sure and also if you do use our plans you are forced you’re

required to legally to put those back into the common common pool but I guess the real legal cases but I haven’t really been tried with open hardware that’s pretty much a new field so that’s the end waiting to be tested in the courts as far as what how it really plays out yeah thanks I’m marching one more round of applause and correct earth freak machine that much in and the open source ecology crew built is in the green home area demo area there are workshops happening all week is long and you can go back there and check it out it’s almost two o’clock so make sure you make it your next workshop and thanks everybody thank you everybody sleep stalker they kick