Mix Tutorial 3 (beat matching basics)

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Mix Tutorial 3 (beat matching basics)

hey guys what’s going on welcome to DJ TLM TV my name is DJ TLM and this is part three of my mix tutorial series today it’s time to get busy with the decks and I’m going to show you how to beat match by ear I’ll be showing you using my turntable setup but like I always tell you in my tutorials you can use CD players or controllers in DJ software it doesn’t matter this is fundamental technique and this will work with any piece of DJ equipment now beat matching is one of those essential things you need to know if you want to make a smooth transition from the song that’s playing to the next song the song on your other deck if you want to make that a smooth mix now you’re going to have to match the beats you’re going to have to make sure that they’re playing at the same speed the same tempo and not all songs have the same tempo so you’re going to have to adjust the tempo of the new song to make it fit with the song that’s playing you’re going to have to make sure that they’re running in sync now for the guys out there with controllers and DJ software you’re probably familiar with that term sync because you’re going to have a function in your software called sync and this function can automatically beat match for you so that’s pretty convenient if your songs have been analysed so that the software I can recognize the BPM the beats per minute then it can automatically adjust the tempo of the new song to the song let’s play so that’s basically what we’re gonna do right here by ear do it manually your software can do that for you so pretty cool and a lot of guys use that when they get a controller because it’s a function on there and hey click wow I can mix very cool but I would always advise that you learn how to beat match by ear as well just for the fact that you know that you can do it that’s already cool but it might save you one day if for whatever reason your sync function isn’t working that you have to backup you can always rely on that knowledge that you can do it by ear and even more important than that it’s a lot of fun to me and to a lot of DJ’s it’s a lot of fun and not just because it’s where I started because this is the first thing I learned when it comes to mixing I learned how to beat match by ear but I also spoke to a lot of new DJ’s who started with controllers started with sync and after a while got bored and started experimenting with just beat matching by ear and they were like this is a lot more fun and it is because you’re in total control it’s gonna make your DJing and you’re mixing a lot more organic because now you’re manually manipulating the platters your equipment to adjust the tempo you’re touching the sliders everything and the total control part is important to me it’s like driving a car with cruise control my last car had cruise control and I used it a couple of times and I just couldn’t do it I couldn’t deal with the fact that the car took over part of the control even if it was just switching lanes I was in control of steering but not the gas pedal and I did not like that and it’s the same for me with DJing I’m using the sp1 right here this is my little controller for Serato DJ I have the sync function right there but I want to be in control so that’s why I prefer to be nice by ear so it’s fun try it out and very important before you get into this video make sure that you check my counting music tutorial it’s going to teach you about beats bars and phrases and that is essential knowledge if you want to start to mix and it’s going to help you a lot when you’re practicing your beat matching so I have the link right there and right there in the description now let’s take a look and I’ll show you what you need to know I need to do in order to beat match by ear let’s go alright guys time to do a little bit of beat matching over here I have my set ready I have four tracks loaded I don’t even need four I have two on internal mold playing that I have on loop so I can use those and I have two tracks that I can control with my turntables and I have the SP one just trigger my hot cues to take the tracks back to the first beat I’m going to use hip hop instrumentals hip hop beats and even if you’re planning on just playing house music dance music whatever you want to call it I suggest that you at least add a couple of hip hop beats to your practice regimen because in my opinion practicing beat matching with hip hop beats will give you a more solid foundation when it comes to beat matching and I might do a different video on this to speak on this in depth but that is definitely my opinion and I’ve seen over the years that it is more difficult and that’s why it’s better to start with that or at least add it to

that practice regimen so this is going to be the situation we’re gonna have one track playing over the speakers that’s the song that you’re playing for the crowd so I’m gonna take that loop right there that’s gonna be playing over the speakers and in a normal situation you’re gonna take the song that you’re gonna mix into it I’m going to take this one and you’re gonna cue that on your headphone so you can hear it and then you’re going to check on your headphone to see if it has the right tempo now the reason why you need to see the tempo check the tempo is very simple I’m gonna give you the demonstration right now I’m gonna play both songs without manipulating the tempo I’m gonna play them in their original tempo at their original speed and I’m not gonna do it on the headphone because I’m showing you right now so I’ll do everything over the speakers that song is playing and I’m going to add this one right now normal speed ah okay that’s what you call a trainwreck and I hope I really hope that you heard that that was not right if that sounded good to you then I don’t know if you’re ready for this you should be able to at least hear that the two tracks were totally clashing the drum sounds for maybe the first half second sounded like they were playing or almost in sync at the same speed and then you could tell that they were going in their own direction and that’s because they’re not playing at the same speed and drums start to clash and that that’s that train wreck and that’s gonna happen when you practice and that’s what practice is for and it might even happen to you while you’re playing in a club and I’ve had that happen in my earlier years that I thought I had the tempos correct and I didn’t have it quite right if you don’t have it quite right it won’t go apart that fast but after a while they will separate and you will get that clashing if you don’t pay attention but you learn to recognize that pretty early so we need to adjust the tempo of the song that we’re adding to the mix and we need to know a piece of crucial information to do this is the track that you’re adding to the mix too fast or too slow if it’s too fast you need to slow it down if it’s too slow you need to speed it up but you need to know if it’s too fast or too slow otherwise you can’t continue with the next the next move and that’s going to the pitch control so back in the days you had to do that by ear you had to hear it so I always take a focus point and I normally use the snare drum that one were there because I find that snares are more distinctive and better to hear in a beat then kick drums because a lot of times kick drums can sound a little bit more the same I know snares can too but it’s easier for me at least to recognize the snare so I focus on the snare and I try to hear if the snare drums are staying on point and I could tell within that for a second that this one was too slow so that’s what I do but nowadays because I know a lot of you guys will be using a digital vinyl system or CD players or a controller with some DJ software you’re using mp3s and probably those mp3s will be analyzed with a BPM analyzer or you’re using record box anyway your software or your hardware your CD player is probably going to be able to tell you the tempo of the song so you’re gonna have that information that means I can do that in cerrado too in my list I can see that this track is um and I don’t know right now because I don’t my monitors too far away but this is probably 98 and this is probably something like 95 or something because I could tell this one is definitely slower but you can tell if you can see that in your information that you already know okay this one is slower so it’s cool to practice to hear it be able to hear it if it’s slower or faster but you probably have that info on your screen and you can use that as well and for instance if this one is 98 and that one is 95 then I’m gonna know that I have to speed it up at least 3% to get into the the right range so it’s going to be indication it’s never going to be perfect but it’s going to give you that indication hey you need to be around that area but right now I don’t know the BPM for sure so I’m going to do it without knowing but I only know for sure is that this track is slower so I’m

gonna need to speed this up now that you know that you can take that next step and that is to increase the speed you’re going to use your pitch slider and any device made for DJing for mixing will have pitch control it’s going to be on the turntable is going to be on the CD player it’s going to be on your controller or it’s going to be inside your software you’re going to be able to speed it up or slow it down plus is speeding it up – sighs slowing it down so I know I need to speed it up now there’s a couple of ways to test to see if the saw long is playing in the right tempo you want to try and keep this song playing at the same speed as the other song as this one but it’s too slow so I already know I need to speed it up but I want to keep it at that same speed the whole time and then check by ear is it staying at that same speed or is it losing tempo again and do I need to give it more pitch so what I do is I use my hand to give my platter nudges and I do a kind of rough so I give it a big nudge and I increase the tempo at least two or more if I can hear that it needs more and then I listen for a second is it staying together oh no still not there then I give it another big nudge increase the speed a lot again a lot of times after two or three of those nudges it goes a little bit too fast and then I start to slow it down not in big moves but slower moves because I know that I’m getting near where it needs to be and I’m going to show you that technique first and after that I’ll show you a different technique that’s a little more subtle so the track is playing slow nudge and speed it up to slow nudge speed it up getting closer but still little too slow little nudge and increase the speed a little bit not as much as before it sounds a little bit too fast like the snare is a little bit too fast so little nudges and bring it back a little bit too slow speed it up a little bit more now I’m not fine chewing you can continue that for a little while until you get a hundred percent right but that was definitely close enough and that’s the technique I like to use I normally want to do it into the club I do it even rougher than that but that’s the basic technique that I use I give it that nudge give it that increase in speed and I know it needs to be sped up more than just a little bit so I took it up to I could tell that it’s still definitely too slow and you can tell if it’s still going apart fast enough then the tempo difference is still quite big so I gave it another big nudge all the way to four then I could tell that my snare was a little bit ahead of the other snare so I had to slow it down but not a lot so I’m not giving it a big big nudge back and taking the tempo a whole way back I just gave it gentle nudges slowing it down a little bit and I took the pitch back just a little bit that you listen again I heard that I had to give it a little more speed just a little bit so you start with big moves and then you go to more subtle moves because you just fine-tuning it to get it right so that’s my technique on your platter is your jog wheels the feeling is going to be different with any controller or CD player or turntable make no mistake it’s not even the same on turntables my techniques feel different than my Vestax and they feel different than my Newmark turntables I have to give each one their own nudge and it maybe takes me the first track to find that right move again it’s the same as cars I like to bring cars into my examples if you step into someone else’s car their clutch will feel different their brakes will feel different and it will take you a minute to feel if you have to press the brake as hard as your own brake or if you have to give it a more gentle touch so same thing with the platters so you need to experiment with your own equipment and find out the best way to deal with that but that’s one way the second way is more subtle because you’re not going to be touching the platter and giving that the big nudges but it is all about your pitch Slyder so I’m bringing this back now to the zero I already know I have to speed it up I already know where it has to be but what you’re going to do now is you’re gonna use your pitch slider to do the same thing I did with my hands so when I started and I throw it in I know I’m gonna need to give it a nudge but instead of touching the platter I’m gonna increase the pitch but not a

little bit but all the way to eight bang so it goes a lot faster but also bring it back quite fast so what happens is you just give it that quick boost of speed and then you decrease the speed again so that has the same effect as giving it the nudge but I don’t take it from zero to eight and all the way back to zero because I know that I need to speed up the track so I’ll give it that nudge bang and then I bring it back to maybe two that’s what I did when I gave it my nut with the hand I did bang and I took it to two now I’m not doing my hand movement I take that to eight bring it back to two then I listen if I need to speed it up more I do that same movement again bang and now I’ll bring it back to three or four and if I find out that I’m going too fast and I need to slow it down then I do the same thing but not that way but to the minus side so bang bang that’s the same as slowing it down so let me show you first one to slow again Tom now I’m at two one more now I’m at four that sounded pretty good already it’s maybe a little bit too fast so a little bit back almost there little bit too slow no move there you go so that had the same effect but you’re not using your hand on the platter so that’s the technique you can use I don’t like to use it with my technics because my pitch slider has a built-in function where it stops at zero so it clicks into place which makes it a little bit harder to do smooth adjustments the guys who use this technique it’s an old-school technique a lot of times if turntable had that stopped in the middle they would open up the turntable take that out to make the fader smooth all the way like a normal fader and then you would see them just going back and forth with that pitch first the big movements and the smaller movements and fine-tune it until they found their point so that’s a technique that you can try third one on a lot of controllers you’re going to have two buttons right near the the pitch slider with a plus and a minus on there and if you press those they have the same effect as a nudge if you press them shortly it’ll be a little nudge if you press them longer it’ll be a bigger nudge or if you press the minus then it will slow it down that can do the same thing and some people like to use that as well and they’ll be on that plus/minus while they’re increasing their pitch so you have different ways of doing it but I like to do the this manual thing and that is because I’m dealing with turntables we’re moving platters real torque so it feels good to to do by hand like that just my preference see what works for you but you know what the deal is you need to increase the pitch to match it to the tempo of the song is already playing in this case because it was too slow if it would be too fast then you would have to slow it down but it is the same deal and if I have to solve this one down that I’m not giving it nudges but then I’m slowing it down and in a decreasing the tempo until I get it right now there is one more tip that I would like to give you guys you Digital guys using your laptop’s out there you can you your screen as a little bit of visual help as well because a lot of times you’re going to see the the wave files like I saw out on tractor you see your tracks so you see them both there and you can check your snare drums and you can see if they’re at that same point or they’re running behind or going ahead of each other so you could use that as visual aid try to do without but just a quick tip if you were having trouble in the beginning hearing it you can also look at your screen so that’s where your digital guys out there but make sure that you learn to do it just by ear have that basic knowledge in you that will help you always so guys I hope this info helps you out and now it’s up to you it’s time to start practicing and you’re going to need a lot of practice to make this second nature and it’s going to become second nature after a while so I have to stress the fact that you need to check my counting music tutorial once again and if you have done that already then you’re probably good to go and you can go ahead and start to practice your beat matching but if you don’t know anything about counting music yet and you don’t know what a bar is and the beat is please check that video first before you start the beat match practice practice practice that’s what it is you need to practice a lot it’s gonna help you out this is the first step on your

way to become a good mixing DJ so I hope you liked the video if you did make sure that you click that like button and subscribe to the channel if you haven’t done so already so you don’t miss out on any of my future videos because I have a lot of videos coming and check DJ TLM tv.com if you have any questions or requests for video you can always hit me on the email DJ TLM TV at DJ t LM calm and I’ll be back soon with the next installment in this mix tutorial series because there’s a lot more knowledge that we need to talk about so practice practice practice practice practice essential practice share the knowledge and I’ll be back very soon peace out yo